Predicting adverse cardiac events in sarcoidosis: deep learning from automated characterization of regional myocardial remodeling
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Recognizing early cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) imaging phenotypes can help identify opportunities for effective treatment before irreversible myocardial pathology occurs. We aimed to characterize regional CS myocardial remodeling features correlating with future adverse cardiac events by coupling automated image processing and data analysis on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging datasets. A deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) was used to process a CMR database of a 10-year cohort of 117 consecutive biopsy-proven sarcoidosis patients. The maximum relevance – minimum redundancy method was used to select the best subset of all the features-24 (from manual processing) and 232 (from automated processing) left ventricular (LV) structural/functional features. Three machine learning (ML) algorithms, logistic regression (LogR), support vector machine (SVM) and multi-layer neural networks (MLP), were used to build classifiers to categorize endpoints. Over a median follow-up of 41.8 (inter-quartile range 20.4-60.5) months, 35 sarcoidosis patients experienced a total of 43 cardiac events. After manual processing, LV ejection fraction (LVEF), late gadolinium enhancement, abnormal segmental wall motion, LV mass (LVM), LVMI index (LVMI), septal wall thickness, lateral wall thickness, relative wall thickness, and wall thickness of 9 (out of 17) individual LV segments were significantly different between patients with and without endpoints. After automated processing, LVEF, end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, LV mass and wall thickness of 92 (out of 216) individual LV segments were significantly different between patients with and without endpoints. To achieve the best predictive performance, ML algorithms selected lateral wall thickness, abnormal segmental wall motion, septal wall thickness, and increased wall thickness of 3 individual segments after manual image processing, and selected end-diastolic volume and 7 individual segments after automated image processing. LogR, SVM and MLP based on automated image processing consistently showed better predictive accuracies than those based on manual image processing. Automated image processing with a DCNN improves data resolution and regional CS myocardial remodeling pattern recognition, suggesting that a framework coupling automated image processing with data analysis can help clinical risk stratification.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2022 Aug;38(8):1825-1836. doi: 10.1007/s10554-022-02564-5. Epub 2022 Feb 22.

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Dr. Georgios Christodoulidis

Chenying Lu, Yi Grace Wang, Fahim Zaman, Xiaodong Wu, Mehul Adhaduk, Amanda Chang, Jiansong Ji, Tiemin Wei, Promporn Suksaranjit, Georgios Christodoulidis, Ernest Scalzetti, Yuchi Han, David Feiglin, Kan Liu

PMID: 35194707

DOI: 10.1007/s10554-022-02564-5